If the dental plaque is not carefully removed by daily brushing and flossing, plaque hardens into a rough, porous substance known as calculus (or tartar). If this irritation is prolonged, the gums separate from the teeth, causing pockets (spaces) to form. As periodontal diseases progress, the supporting gum tissue and bone that hold teeth in place deteriorate. If left untreated, this leads to tooth loss.
The best way to prevent gum disease is effective daily brushing and flossing as well as regular professional examinations and cleanings. Unfortunately, even with the most diligent home dental care, people still can develop some form of periodontal disease. Once this disease starts, professional intervention is necessary and periodontal maintenance may be needed to prevent its progress.
If you are suffering from gum disease, there are several different treatments that may be able to help you. Dr. Puerto will recommend the right for you, depending on the individual circumstances and the severity of your periodontitis. Some of the most recommended treatments include:
Scale and Polished- A scale and polish are usually one of the first procedures that will be recommended if you have gum disease. The process involves our hygienist scraping away plaque and tartar from your teeth using special instruments so that the progression of the gum disease can be halted. The hygienist then polishes your teeth to remove any other debris and stains which will leave your teeth looking and feeling clean and healthy.
Involves two processes – Scaling and Root Planning
This process takes the scale and polish procedure up a notch since it also involves cleaning of the periodontal pockets created by bacteria that caused the periodontitis. After the scaling and the removal of the plaque and tartar from the surface of the tooth have been completed, our hygienist will then focuses on the rough areas on the root of the affected tooth. By ensuring that the root is clean and free of debris or build up.
In addition to the treatment that your hygienist provides, it is crucial that you take responsibility for your oral health at home to help prevent periodontal disease from occurring and progressing. This means following a robust oral hygiene routine that includes brushing, flossing and using mouthwash as well as visiting us regularly.
If you are concern that you may be suffering from gum disease and would like more information or to arrange an appointment for an assessment of your oral health, please do not hesitate to get in touch.